Recent studies have revealed some surprising facts about moles, the small underground mammals known for their tunneling abilities. Researchers have discovered that moles have an excellent sense of smell, can swim, and have a unique bone structure that allows them to tunnel effectively. They also found that mole cells are good at fighting cancer, due to the high levels of a protein called p16INK4a. While moles are considered pests by some, they play an essential role in maintaining soil health and ecosystem balance. They can even be trained to detect explosives using their heightened sense of smell.
New studies reveal the hidden secrets of moles, the tiny underground dwellers
Moles are small mammals that are found throughout North America, Europe, and Asia. These tiny animals are known for their ability to tunnel underground and create complex networks of burrows. While moles are often seen as pests by gardeners and farmers, they play an important role in maintaining soil health and ecosystem balance. Recent studies have shed light on some of the secrets of moles that have long been a mystery.
Moles Have Super Sensitive Noses
Scientists have discovered that moles have an incredible sense of smell. They are able to detect prey and mates from a distance of over 100 meters. This is due to the fact that moles have a highly developed vomeronasal organ, which is responsible for detecting pheromones.
Moles Are Good at Fighting Cancer
Researchers have found that mole cells are able to shut down their own cells from dividing uncontrollably, which is the root cause of cancer. This ability of moles to fight cancer stems from their high levels of a protein known as p16INK4a.
Moles Can Swim
It was previously thought that moles were not able to swim, but recent research has shown that they are actually quite skilled at it. Moles are able to swim through water by using their large front paws to paddle and their tail to steer.
Moles Have a Unique Bone Structure
Compared to other mammals, moles have a unique bone structure that allows them to tunnel effectively. Their shoulder blades are not attached to their spine, which gives them greater flexibility and allows them to turn around easily in tight spaces.
Q: Are moles harmful to gardens?
A: While moles can be considered pests by gardeners, they actually play an important role in soil health. Their tunnels help to aerate the soil and can also bring up nutrients from deeper in the ground.
Q: Can moles be trained to detect explosives?
A: Yes, moles have been trained to detect explosives in the same way that dogs are trained for this purpose. They are able to use their sense of smell to detect even small amounts of explosives.
Q: Where do moles live?
A: Moles are found throughout North America, Europe, and Asia. They typically live in underground burrows that are created using their powerful front paws.
Q: Do moles have any predators?
A: Moles are preyed upon by a variety of animals, including owls, hawks, and snakes. They are also vulnerable to domestic cats and dogs.