Tiger Population in India Shows Promising Growth in Recent Study

Uncategorized By Apr 23, 2023

India’s tiger population has shown promising growth according to its latest census, with a 60% increase to 2,226 in 2014, up from 1,411 in 2006. India is home to over 70% of the world’s tiger population, and the Indian government has implemented measures to protect their population over the last few years. Initiatives include enhancing tiger reserve protection, restoring depleted habitats, increased protection and conservation awareness such as campaigns to educate people on tiger conservation. However, despite these efforts, conservation challenges still exist such as poaching, human-wildlife conflict and habitat loss.

Tiger Population in India Shows Promising Growth in Recent Study

India is home to over 70% of the world’s tiger population. The majestic creatures are an integral part of India’s rich wildlife heritage. They are the largest members of the cat family and are symbols of power, agility, and grace. The endangered species has faced numerous threats in the past, such as poaching and habitat loss. However, the latest study shows that the tiger population in India has increased, which is a promising sign for India’s conservation efforts.

Tigers in India

India has 50 protected areas that serve as a natural habitat for tigers. These areas are known as tiger reserves, and the Indian government is committed to protecting them. The tiger population in India increased from 1,411 in 2006 to 2,226 in 2014, according to the last tiger census. The data showed that the population had increased by almost 60%.

Factors Contributing to Tiger Population Growth

The Indian government has taken numerous measures to protect tigers and their habitat. Here are some reasons for the increase in their population:

  • Awareness: The Government of India has initiated various awareness campaigns to educate people about tiger conservation. The ‘Save Tiger’ campaign, launched in 2008, aimed to make people understand the significance of conserving tigers and their habitat.
  • Better Protection: The government has enhanced the protection of tiger reserves by recruiting more forest guards and deploying advanced technology in the form of camera traps.
  • Restoration of Habitat: The government has undertaken various initiatives to restore degraded tiger habitats. They have started forest management activities, including reforestation and soil conservation. It has also tried to protect tigers from human-animal conflict through measures like relocating villages from tiger habitats and compensating farmers for crop damage.
  • Better management: The Indian government has invested in better wildlife management practices, like improved scientific research on tigers. It has also established a robust legal framework to protect wildlife, ensuring that any illegal activities are severely punished.

Conservation Challenges

Despite the progress made in the conservation of tigers in India, several factors still threaten their survival. These include:

  • Poaching: Despite efforts made by the Indian government, poaching continues to be a significant issue. The illegal trade in tiger body parts is flourishing, and tigers are hunted for their skin, bones, and other parts, which are believed to have medicinal properties.
  • Human-wildlife Conflict: As human settlements are expanding, tigers and humans are coming into conflict, leading to injuries and fatalities for both. Urban areas are encroaching on natural habitats, leading to the displacement of tigers and other wildlife.
  • Habitat loss: The growing population of India has resulted in rapid deforestation, causing habitat loss for tigers, which need a large space to survive.


Q: Where are tigers found in India?

A: Tigers are found in several parts of India, including national parks and tiger reserves. The major zones with tiger populations in India are Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, and Maharashtra.

Q: How many tigers are there in India?

A: According to the last tiger census in 2014, there were 2,226 tigers in India.

Q: Why are tigers endangered in India?

A: Tigers are endangered in India due to habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict.

Q: What are the Indian government’s conservation efforts to protect tigers?

A: The Indian government has launched numerous campaigns to protect tigers and their habitat. They have also increased tiger protection by implementing stricter laws and enhanced surveillance processes.

Q: What can we do to contribute to tiger conservation?

A: Everyone can contribute to tiger conservation by spreading awareness about the importance of protecting tigers, supporting conservation organizations, and avoiding the use of products made from tiger body parts.


India’s success in conserving tigers is a promising achievement. The increase in the tiger population shows that the conservation measures implemented by the Indian government are working effectively. The efforts of conservationists, forest guards, and local communities have contributed to this success. It is now the responsibility of the people of India to continue supporting tiger conservation by following measures for protecting the tigers and their environment. Together, we can ensure that tigers remain a symbol of India’s wildlife heritage for generations to come.